Thanks to this revolution, production activities based on manual power have been replaced by production activities based on machine power. The steam engine, which was invented by James Watt, led to rapid development in mining and other industries, especially in the weaving industry. After the invention of the steam engine, mechanization activities gained speed.

The Industrial Revolution carries out its development in 4 stages. These stages

First phase (1785): Water power, textiles, iron.
Second phase (1845): Steam, rail, steel.
Third stage (1950): Internal combustion engine, electricity and chemicals.
Fourth stage (1990): Software, new media, digital networks, micro-nano technologies.

is in the form. The fourth stage, which started in 1990, is still developing today. When the dates of the stages of industrial development are examined, it is observed that the year difference between the stages that are close to the present day is gradually decreasing. This decrease is ensured by the positive developments in the field of technology.

The Formation Period of the Industrial Revolution

The need for consumption started with the emergence of humanity. The continuous increase in consumption from the first human period to the present day has led to the emergence of new production sources and production styles. Gathering, hunting and tillage were the livelihoods of humanity in the First Age. These livelihoods have the feature of being the livelihoods used for the longest time. In the period from the Middle Ages to the Modern Age, the source of power was the soil. For this reason, while the most powerful states among these ages were the ones with large lands, there were constant land wars due to this power war.

The Industrial Revolution changed this situation completely. The source of power has ceased to be soil and has become raw material. After this period, raw materials were processed and sold in the established factories, and raw materials were purchased again. Thus, the industrial cycle was formed.

This situation led to the spread of colonial empires, and in the 18th and 19th centuries, there were occupations due to the raw material and market needs of the states whose industries developed. The revolution, which started in England in 1790 with the discovery of steam power, quickly spread to other areas after weaving. As a result of increasing job opportunities in the cities, the people living in the villages migrated to the cities and the consumption increased due to the increasing population in the cities. This has had both positive and negative consequences.